Granular Urea: A Versatile and Efficient Fertilizer for Crop Production

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What is Granular Urea?

Granular urea is a type of nitrogen fertilizer that is widely used in agriculture to enhance crop production. It is a white crystalline substance that is composed of nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon. Granular urea is produced by reacting ammonia with carbon dioxide under high pressure and temperature, which results in the formation of solid granules that are easy to handle and apply.

The global granular urea market is estimated to garner a notable ~3.5% CAGR over the forecast period, i.e., 2022– 2031. The market growth can be attributed to proliferating demand for fertilizers in the agriculture sector.

How Does Granular Urea Work?

Granular urea works by providing plants with a readily available source of nitrogen, which is an essential nutrient for plant growth and development. Nitrogen is a key component of chlorophyll, which is responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. Without sufficient nitrogen, plants will have stunted growth, reduced yields, and lower quality produce.

When granular urea is applied to the soil, it undergoes hydrolysis, a process by which it is converted into ammonium ions and bicarbonate ions. The ammonium ions are then converted into nitrate ions by soil bacteria in a process called nitrification. Nitrate ions are readily available to plants and can be easily absorbed by their roots.

Benefits of Using Granular Urea

  1. High Nitrogen Content: Granular urea has a high nitrogen content of around 46%, which makes it an efficient source of nitrogen for plants. It is a concentrated fertilizer that requires less storage space and can be transported more easily than other types of fertilizers.
  2. Cost-effective: Granular urea is a cost-effective fertilizer that provides good value for money. Its high nitrogen content means that less fertilizer is needed to achieve the same results compared to other types of fertilizers. Additionally, its ease of handling and application makes it a popular choice among farmers.
  3. Versatile: Granular urea can be used for a wide variety of crops and soil types. It is suitable for both dryland and irrigated crops and can be applied before planting or during the growing season. It can also be used in combination with other fertilizers to provide a balanced nutrient supply for plants.
  4. Environmental Benefits: Granular urea is a relatively safe and environmentally friendly fertilizer. It does not contain heavy metals or other harmful substances, and it does not pose a risk of groundwater contamination when used properly. Additionally, its use can help to reduce soil erosion and improve soil health by promoting the growth of beneficial microorganisms.

How to Use Granular Urea Effectively

  1. Soil Testing: Before applying granular urea, it is important to test the soil to determine its nutrient content and pH level. This will help to determine the appropriate amount of fertilizer to apply and ensure that the soil pH is within the optimal range for plant growth.
  2. Timing of Application: Granular urea can be applied before planting or during the growing season, depending on the crop and soil conditions. It is important to avoid applying the fertilizer too early in the growing season, as this can result in the loss of nitrogen due to leaching or denitrification.
  3. Application Rate: The application rate of granular urea will depend on the crop, soil type, and nutrient requirements. Generally, it is recommended to apply between 50 and 150 pounds of urea per acre, depending on the crop and soil conditions.
  4. Application Method: Granular urea can be applied using various methods, including broadcasting, banding, or side-dressing. Broadcasting involves spreading the fertilizer evenly over the entire field, while banding involves applying the fertilizer in rows alongside the plants. Side-dressing involves placing the fertilizer in a narrow band next to the plant rows. The choice of application method will depend on the crop, soil conditions, and equipment available.
    1. Storage and Handling: Granular urea should be stored in a dry place away from moisture and sources of heat. It should also be kept away from other chemicals and fertilizers to prevent contamination. When handling granular urea, it is important to wear protective clothing and avoid inhaling the dust.


    Granular urea is a versatile and efficient fertilizer that is widely used in agriculture to improve crop production. Its high nitrogen content, cost-effectiveness, and ease of handling and application make it a popular choice among farmers. Additionally, its use can have environmental benefits, such as reducing soil erosion and promoting soil health. When using granular urea, it is important to follow best practices for application and storage to ensure optimal results and minimize any negative environmental impacts.

    Research Nester is a one-stop service provider of market reports with a client base in more than 50 countries, leading in strategic market research and consulting with an unbiased and unparalleled approach towards helping global industrial players, conglomerates and executives for their future investment while avoiding forthcoming uncertainties.

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